FFL License Types

FFL License typesDepending on the type of firearm business activity you’d like to conduct, you’ll need a particular “type” of FFL license.

An FFL is a license that allows the Federal Firearm Licensee (the person/company that has an FFL license) to import, make, or sell firearms as a business.

Federal Firearm Licenses, by themselves, allow dealing, manufacturing, or importing of GCA / Title I firearms only.  These include standard rifles, shotguns, and handguns.

How Many FFL License Types Are There?

There are currently 9 different types of FFL licenses:

  • Type 01 FFL – Firearm Dealer and Gunsmith
  • Type 02 FFL – Pawnbroker and Firearm Dealer
  • Type 03 FFL – C&R Collector
  • Type 06 FFL – Ammunition Manufacturer
  • Type 07 FFL – Firearm Manufacturer
  • Type 08 FFL – Importer of Firearms
  • Type 09 FFL – Dealer of Destructive Devices
  • Type 10 FFL – Manufacturer of Destructive Devices
  • Type 11 FFL – Importer of Destructive Devices

The three main categories of business activity allowed by FFLs are dealing (selling) guns, making (manufacturing) guns, and importing guns into the country.

  • Dealers need FFL license types 01, 02, or 09
  • Manufacturers need FFL license types 06, 07, or 10
  • Importers need FFL license types 08 or 11

Here’s a table with a summary of each FFL License type along with its purpose and what SOT class is required.

FFL License Types

FFL License TypeFFL License PurposeSOT Class
Type 01 FFLDealer/Gunsmith of Firearms3
Type 02 FFLPawnbroker/Dealer of Firearms3
Type 03 FFLCollector of Firearmsn/a
Type 06 FFLManufacturer of Ammunitionn/a
Type 07 FFLManufacturer/Dealer of Firearms and Ammunition2
Type 08 FFLImporter/Dealer of Firearms1
Type 09 FFL Dealer of Destructive Devices3
Type 10 FFLManufacturer/Dealer of Destructive Devices2
Type 11 FFLImporter/Dealer of Destructive Devices1

 

Categories of FFL License Types

Each FFL license type can be broken down into four basic categories:

  1. Collector FFL – This category can not “engage in the business of firearms.”  As the name suggests, it is for collecting firearms only.
  2. Dealer FFL – These FFLs may purchase and sell guns as a business and they may also operate as gunsmiths.
  3. Manufacturer FFL – There are two types of these FFLs: manufacturers of firearms and ammunition and manufacturers of ammunition only. Firearm and ammunition manufacturers may, of course, manufacture firearms and ammunition and also act a dealer. Ammunition manufacturers may only manufacture ammunition and may NOT act as a firearm manufacturer nor dealer.
  4. Importer FFL – These FFLs may import firearms and/or ammunition and also act as a dealer.

Here’s a break-down of the types of activities that can be conducted depending on the FFL license type.

Note that the Type 3 FFL and Type 6 FFL do not allow any business activity with firearms.  This is because the Type 3 is for collecting only and the Type 6 is for manufacturing ammunition only.

Firearm Activity by FFL License Type

FFL TypeFirearm DealerFirearm ManufacturerFirearm Importer
Type 1 FFLXX
Type 2 FFLXX
Type 3 FFLXXX
Type 6 FFLXXX
Type 7 FFLX
Type 8 FFLX
Type 9 FFLXX
Type 10 FFLX
Type 11 FFLX

 

You can tell which type of FFL someone has once you know what each part of an FFL number means.

The cost for each FFL license varies from $30 up to $3,000 for the both the initial FFL application fee and the 3-year renewal fee.  For a breakdown of these costs, see our article, How Much Does an FFL Cost?

FFL with SOT

An FFL holder must also become a Special Occupational Taxpayer (SOT) in order to deal, manufacture, or import NFA /Title II firearms. These firearms include specially regulated items like Silencers, Short Barreled Rifles (SBRs), and full-auto machine guns.

Different classes of SOTs may engage in different activities.

  1. Class 1 SOT – These SOTs may Import and deal NFA / Title II firearms
  2. Class 2 SOT – These SOTs may manufacture and deal NFA / Title II firearms
  3. Class 3 SOT – These SOTs may deal NFA / Title II firearms

The tax-rate for SOT registration varies depending on how much you sold for some FFLs.

FFL Types, 9, 10, and 11 are the only FFLs that allow working with Armor Piercing Ammunition and Destructive Devices.

Which Type of FFL is Right For You?

So, which FFL License Types should you get? Chance are, you choice is between a Type 1 dealer FFL or a Type 7 manufacturer FFL.

These are the two most common types of FFLs. For example, see the graph of the distribution of FFLs in our country.

FFL Licenses by Type

Learn more about how to get an FFL or, if you’re ready to get your own FFL, sign up for our Get Your FFL and Become an SOT courses.

FFL Type Details

Let’s breakdown each license type for FFLs to explore what the most common firearms licenses cover.

Type 1 FFL

As mentioned above, the Type 01 Dealer and Gunsmith FFL is the most common type of federal firearm license for business-use in the country.

The Type 1 dealer’s federal firearms license allows for the buying and selling of firearms as a business. This license type also allows for gunsmithing activities.

If you don’t know where to start, and especially if you don’t have a desire to manufacture guns, this is likely the FFL type for you. If you’d like to learn more, check out our FFL Course.

Type 2 FFL

The Type 02 firearms license is effectively the same as the Type 01 FFL but it also allows pawnbroker activities.

Only get this type of license if you are specifically interested in pawning firearms.

Type 03 FFL

A type 03 ffl is for collectors of curio and relic firearms. It is NOT for engaging in business with firearms.

Type 03 FFL holders may not receive modern firearms.

If you’d like to learn more about a curio and relic (C&R) license, check out this article: How to get a C&R license

Type 06 FFL

Type 06 FFLs are for ammunition manufacturers.

This license type allows the making of ammunition with the intent to sell. It does not allow any business activity with firearms.

Type 07 FFL

The Type 07 FFL allows the making of firearms with the intent to sell. It also allows the holder to sell other firearms and manufacture ammunition.

 

Number of FFL Licenses by Type

Number of FFL Licenses by Type

FFL TypeQuantity
Type 01 FFL52,971
Type 02 FFL7,087
Type 06 FFL1,841
Type 07 FFL14,661
Type 08 FFL1,190
Type 09 FFL127
Type 10 FFL430
Type 11 FFL272

 

Number of FFL Licenses by State

To see how popular each firearm license type is in your state, we’ve broken down the number of each FFL type per state:

Number of FFL Licenses by State

STATETYPE 01TYPE 02TYPE 06TYPE 07TYPE 08TYPE 09TYPE 10TYPE 11
AK50725191006211
AL854248372462031410
AR84733042269124122
AZ1,248167688655553221
CA1,82591665237381710
CO1,4631805342731384
CT417151117825152
DE12253923
FL2,20560081891135104440
GA1,30149463458303106
HI95110
IA1,1985637174821
ID7211183732717131
IL1,4285252218234107
IN1,299963325413262
KS947923819914224
KY1,0583042519217276
LA974173312289213
MA33511236121103
MD4933515132143119
ME416521593642
MI1,9197067356271510
MN1,302852922017177
MO1,818268543582811310
MS71618930163474
MT839101532202215
NC1,83239451549317114
ND467238395
NE65446268131
NH3757151691974
NJ305112413121
NM4886422165772
NV403711324133398
NY1,72693928423283
OH2,09216167591282112
OK1,09224138367133
OR1,23169342021023
PA2,4841924785392110
RI7623163
SC875153222512147
SD47440177252
TN1,17623936307292164
TX4,8961,0521701,77613083813
UT654924142024687
VA1,3911653737057151527
VT2911381813
WA9361352530925333
WI1,39045512797374
WV7051942297932
WY53337221345142
Total52,9717,0871,84114,6481,190127430272

 

FFL license Type FAQ

Q: Can a Type 07 FFL make ammunition? A: Yes. In addition to manufacturing firearms, a Type 07 FFL can also make ammunition.

Q: How many license types are there? A: There are 9 types of federal firearm licenses.

Q: How much do FFLs cost? A: An FFL costs anywhere from $30 to $200 for the most popular FFLs.

Q: What is the most popular type of FFL? A: The most popular FFL for business purposes is the Type 01 FFL. There are actually more Type 03 FFLs but that is only a collector’s license.